Wheat is the most important winter cereal grown during the non-monsoon months, and it is less vulnerable to yield fluctuation than other crops. After rice, wheat is the most important cereal in India. It is grown in cooler regions of India during the mild winter months of November to mid-April.
Physical characteristics such as hectoliter weight, thousand-grain weight, grain hardness, and texture are important for the grain trade. Based on physical parameters and purity, Indian wheat has been grouped into different grades in accordance with the international grading system.